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Rare-Earth: Why They Matter So Much | OpenMind

2021-2-26 · Rare-earth mining is a complex activity, with extraction that has a major impact on the environment (as it is carried out in open-pit mines) and processing that generates a large amount of toxic waste (since the different minerals have to be washed with acids to separate them). Such conditions, unacceptable to Western societies at the end of ...

Experts call for mandatory recycling of products ...

2021-5-10 · Industry experts have called for tougher rules on recycling, in a report from Cewaste, a two-year project funded by the EU as part of its Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme. The ...

A safer, better way to mine rare earths

2021-4-17 · A safer, better way to mine rare earths. China controls the bulk of the world''s supply of rare earths, vital metals that determine the fortune of global electronic industries. Photo: Weibo via DFIC. Rare-earth metals are critical to the high-tech …

Why rare earth recycling is rare – and what we can do ...

"Prices of some rare earths rose by 2,000 percent and more," says Jim Sims of rare earth mining company Molycorp, which recently reopened a shuttered rare earth mine in California. Rare earth element prices have since dropped and are now much less …

Current Status on Resource and Recycling Technology for ...

2014-5-13 · The development of recycling technologies for rare earths is essential for resource security and supply stability because high-quality rare earth mines are concentrated in China and the demand for rare earth metals such as neodymium and …

Boom in Mining Rare Earths Poses Mounting Toxic Risks ...

2013-1-28 · The mining of rare earth metals, used in everything from smart phones to wind turbines, has long been dominated by China. But as mining of these key elements spreads to countries like Malaysia and Brazil, scientists warn of the dangers of the …

Evaluating Rare Earth Element Availability: A Case with ...

2013-3-26 · rare earths (RE). Finally, REEs have come under global scrutiny due to the environmental and social conditions under which they are mined, further increasing their supply risk.23−25 The literature contains a number of reports that evaluate different aspects of RE availability. The USGS has published

Demand for rare-earth metals is skyrocketing, so we''re ...

2021-4-16 · Rare-earth metals are currently mined or recovered via e-waste recycling — methods with drawbacks including high cost, environmental damage, and risks to human safety. This is where we come in.

Rare Earth Minerals Could Be Sourced Through Old …

2019-11-22 · "Both recycling and making consumer electronics more repairable could change the economics and lessen the environmental impact of rare earths …

(PDF) Social and Environmental Impact of the Rare Earth ...

2021-11-21 · Recycling of rare earths: ... The total environmental footprint of REE mining and processing depends on the ... Rare earths have gained the reputation of dirty …

Rare-earth recycling needs market intervention | Nature ...

2021-3-26 · Nd–Fe–B permanent magnets are essential for the transition to clean energy and mobility. Given the burgeoning demand for neodymium and other …

Biomining Rare-Earth Elements | Cornell Engineering

2021-11-20 · Cornell engineers are pioneering a novel method for mining metals that are key to unlocking a sustainable future. By Chris Dawson. In the search for more sustainable energy technologies, many of the solutions humans are turning to – rechargeable batteries, massive wind turbines, electric cars, LED lighting – rely on what are known as rare-earth elements.

Rare Earth Mining: The Dark Underside of Sustainability ...

2021-4-20 · The mining and refining of rare earths, as in most mining of resources, has environmental tradeoffs.This includes piles of tailings that can create landslides and concentrate hazardous waste, the potential for groundwater contamination, and the CO 2 footprint — although EVs are starting to be developed for mining purposes — the potential for radiation exposure, and more.

(PDF) Social and Environmental Impact of the Rare Earth ...

2021-11-21 · Recycling of rare earths: ... The total environmental footprint of REE mining and processing depends on the ... Rare earths have gained the reputation of dirty elements and authorities often ...

Not So "Green" Technology: The Complicated Legacy of …

2021-8-12 · For every ton of rare earth produced, the mining process yields 13kg of dust, 9,600-12,000 cubic meters of waste gas, 75 cubic meters of wastewater, and one ton of radioactive residue. This stems from the fact that rare earth element ores have metals that, when mixed with leaching pond chemicals, contaminate air, water, and soil.

The plan to turn coal country into a rare earth ...

2021-5-26 · The United States'' annual rare earth demand stands at around 12,000 to 13,000 metric tons. "Very rough estimates tell us if we could extract 100 percent of the rare earths from each of these ...

» Rare earths for a sustainable world REIA

2020-8-29 · China, the biggest producer of rare earth magnets in the world, has recognised the environmental problems and is taking steps to shut down those illegal clay mining operations. So as notto disrupt production at processing plants and maintain its upstream magnet production, the country has started to import RE concentrates from other countries.

The dark side of renewable energy | Earth Journalism …

2016-8-25 · The dark side of renewable energy. Rare earth metals, hard-to-find materials, with unfamiliar names such as lanthanum, neodymium and europium, are used in wind and solar energy projects, but dwindling supplies could hinder a roll-out of low carbon …

Rare Earth Elements: A Review of Production, Processing ...

2012-5-22 · Rare Earth Elements: A Review of Production, Processing, Recycling, and Associated Environmental Issues Robert J. Weber Superfund and Technology Liaison. U.S. EPA Office of Research and Development. Office of Science Policy. Duty Station: U.S. EPA Region 7, Kansas City, Kansas. David J. Reisman. Director, Engineering Technical Support Center

Rare Earth Metals and the Environment – RecycleNation

2013-2-15 · Rare earth metals are found in an ever-increasing number of products we use every day, and there are major environmental concerns and serious health issues associated with the extractions of these metals. In an effort to educate myself, I read a …

Rare earth: health and environment effects health effects ...

Effects on environment; If rare earth resources are not mined and developed properly, not only does it result in economic losses for countries, but it also does great harm to global ecotopes, especially during the processes of mining, refining and recycling, which may result in serious environmental consequences. A particular hazard is mildly ...

Protecting the Environment and Public Health from Rare ...

The contamination of REE surface mining in China and its impacts on resources, the environment, and public health have been noted by several scientists in China and internationally [15] [16] [17]. ...

Urban Mining Company''s Rare Earths Recycling Helps Us ...

2020-6-12 · Image courtesy Dr. Stacy Conner and Urban Mining Company. Recycling is one often-overlooked facet of the opportunities to break China''s current overwhelming dominance of …

Are Rare Earth Minerals Too Costly for Environment? | PBS ...

2009-12-14 · Lindsey Hilsum of Independent Television News examines how mining rare earth minerals -- considered to be an obscure yet profitable industry, is causing a major environmental dilemma in China.

Recycling of rare earths: a critical review

2020-7-15 · Highlights Less than 1% of rare earths in end-of-life consumer products are being recycled. Recycling can help to ensure a supply of the most critical rare earths. Valuable waste streams are magnets, metal hydride batteries and lamp phosphors. Recycling of neodymium avoids overproduction of cerium and lanthanum. Recycling and primary mining of rare earths are complementary activities.

The Rare Earth Industry Association

2020-9-1 · The mining and processing of rare earths in China were found to be causing social and environmental problems, especially the extraction of relatively low grade ''ionic clays'' by illegal miners, leaving highly polluted / disrupted environments in their …

Global demand for rare earth resources and strategies for ...

2016-10-1 · Preservation of rare earth resources calls for the development of efficient recycling techniques at the pilot-plant scale. Due to the economic and environmental costs of REE mining, it is desirable to promote the recycling and reuse of rare earths, while …

Potential dangers of mining rare earth metals

Potential dangers of mining rare earth metals

Uncovering the Global Life Cycles of the Rare Earth ...

2011-11-4 · Chinese Rare Earths Vol. 29 (2008). Du, X. & Graedel, T. E. Global in-use stocks of the rare earth elements: A first estimate. Environmental Science & Technology 45, 4096–4101, Doi 10.1021 ...

Potential dangers of mining rare earth metals

2019-4-5 · Environmental hazards due to rare earth mining. The dangers of mining rare earth metals are not limited to human and animal life. There is a lot of harm caused to the environment due to the hazardous toxic waste. If the mining, recycling and refining is …